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Gold Fish Family

Basics to Goldfish:

The goldfish is a freshwater fish. It was one of the earliest fish to be domesticated

A  relatively small member of the carp family (which also includes the koi  carp and the crucian carp), the goldfish is a domesticated version of a  less-colorful carp native to East Asia. It was first domesticated in  China more than a thousand years ago, and several distinct breeds have  since been developed. Goldfish breeds vary greatly in size, body shape,  fin configuration and coloration
(various combinations of white, yellow, orange, red, brown, and black are known).

Goldfish are popular pond fish, since they are small, inexpensive, colorful and  very hardy. In an outdoor pond or water garden, they even survive for  brief periods if ice forms on the surface, as long as there is enough  oxygen remaining in the water and the pond does not freeze solid.
Common goldfish, shubunkins, sarasa, comet and some hardier fantail goldfish can be kept in a pond all year round in temperate and subtropical climates.

Ponds  small and large are fine in warmer areas (although it ought to be noted  that goldfish can "overheat" in small volumes of water in summer in  tropical climates). In frosty climes the depth should be at least 24” to preclude freezing. During winter, goldfish become sluggish, stop eating and often stay on the bottom of the pond. This is normal; they become  active again in the spring. Unless the pond is large enough to maintain  its own ecosystem without interference from humans, a filter is  important to clear waste and keep the pond clean. Plants are essential  as they act as part of the filtration system, as well as a food source  for the fish. Plants are further beneficial since they raise oxygen  levels in the water. A small amount of algae is also a very nutrionose  foot source.

A fully  grown Goldfish comes to about 12” to 14”, depending on the Invoirement.
As  smaller your pond, as smaller the Goldfish.
Do not buy to big Goldfish  if you have a smal pond.

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